A Novice DIY Guide to Use Power Drill

The power drill is one of the most versatile power tools you can own. Think of it as a souped-up screwdriver. It is handy but powerful enough for various jobs around the house, from making furniture to installing picture hangers.


You can swap drill bits or ends, making your power drill capable of taking on different jobs. Drill bits differ according to the type of materials they are made for. The most common, twist bits, are used for common around-the house- projects.

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Other drill bits include spade for framing bolt holes in wood, masonry for concrete, and those with diamond carbide tip for drilling into tough surfaces like porcelain.

Indeed, there are many projects that you can work on when you have a power drill in your tool box. This article will help you get started in using a power drill.

Also Read: How to use power drill?

What Clothes You Should Wear While Drilling?

It doesn’t matter what type of home DIY project you plan. Whether you have a large DIY project, or you simply desire to drill a hole into a wall, you should wear proper protective clothing while drilling. Wear goggles to protect your eyes while drilling.

Protective eyewear like this can prevent debris or dust from entering your eyes. Dust mask, on the other hand, can protect your lungs. It will prevent you from inhaling dust while you drill.You should avoid wearing baggy clothing when operating a power drill.


Long sleeves as well as jewellery and other clothing items could get caught up in the drill. This can cause severe injury. You should wear thick gloves when using a power drill.

This can reduce vibrations coming off power drills, especially when the tool is on high torque. Get to Know the Various Drill bits. As mentioned earlier, there are many drill bits that you can use with a power drill. Here are some of them:

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    Twist bits − also known as twist drills, these are useful in drilling holes on materials like timber, metal, and plastic. You can use these in cutting small holes from 0.8mm to around 12 mm.
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    Masonry bits − as you can deduce from the name, this is the type of bit for drilling into brick, stone, or concrete. It is made from tungsten carbine. Its size range from 4 mm to 16 mm.
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    Flat wood bits − used in heavy timber work particularly bolting.
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    Hole saw − this is useful in cutting large and fixed diameter holes. It can cut through wood and plastic for up to 18mm deep.
use with a power drill

Types and Parts of a Power Drill

There are two types of power drill - corded and cordless. A cordless drill is powered by batteries. It is handy and convenient to use. But it doesn't provide as much power as corded drill.

On the other hand, a corded drill can give you sufficient power for almost any type of job. But it isn't as easy to use as the cordless one. It also requires an extension cord if to be used in an area far from an outlet.

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Regardless of the type of power drill you have, you'll have to familiarize yourself to the different parts. The variable speed trigger controls the speed by which the bit spins. The more pressure that you apply on the trigger, the faster that the bit spins.

There is also the high and low settings switch. You need high speeds for drilling and low speeds for driving. When you switch to a low speed, you'll get more power and rotational force. Then there's the chuck. This is the part of the drill that holds the bit in place.

Most of the drills today have a 3/8 inch chuck. These drills can accommodate bits with a shank 3/8 inch or smaller. The shank is that part of the bit which the chuck secures.

Operating a Power Drill

Once you have chosen the right bit for your job, you can start operating the power drill. Begin by looking for the chuck key. It is usually found in the side of the drill, or attached to the power cord. Insert this key into the small hole found on the side of the chuck.

Turn it clockwise. You can then slide in the shank of the bit once the opening is large enough. Once the bit is inside the chuck, tighten the chuck by turning it clockwise. Plug in the drill, or if you have cordless drill, insert the batteries. Hold the drill securely into the work piece.


Use both hands on the drill when drilling a hole. One hand should be on the barrel, while the other on the handle and trigger. Keep the tool perpendicularly to the work piece, while you gradually apply pressure to the trigger.

While maintaining firm pressure on the drill you should guide the bit through the work piece. Be mindful of the sound as well. If the tool sound like it is groaning, stop the drill and adjust the bit.

Final Verdict

Using a power drill is one of the basic DIY skills that you should be able to master. After all, you can do a lot of jobs at home with it. 

The good news is that it is fairly easy to operate. And with the number of power drill models in the market, you would be able to choose one that suits your budget and needs. 

Now that you have learned how to get started with a power drill, start looking for a power tool of your own. You will find a power drill very useful at home.

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