Basic DIY Projects You Can Do at Home
Do-it-yourself (DIY) projects at home can save you money. These jobs can also be very fulfilling.From putting up a shelf to hanging pictures on a wall to fixing lights, there are lots of things that you can do around the house. This article will teach you some of the basic DIY projects you can do at home using tools like a drill.
How to Put Up A Shelf
Putting up a shelf is relatively easy. It can be used for storage or display. Fixed shelves should be sturdy and perfectly level. Here are the tools you’ll need when putting up a shelf:
- Spirit level
- Wood bit
- Stud detector
As for the materials, you will need:
- Wall plugs
If you have a plasterboard wall, you have to look for two studs. These are the upright wooden support in the wall, and where the plasterboard is attached. It is in the studs where you will anchor the shelf brackets. Find those studs using a stud detector.
Using a pencil, draw a couple of vertical guides along the lines of the studs. Hold one of the shelf brackets up to one of the vertical guides at the correct height. Set it to vertical using a spirit level. Then mark through the holes using a pencil so you would need where to make the holes.
You may want to add a cross and nail dent to the marks.Repeat these steps for the second bracket.Get the wood drill bit, which should be a size smaller than the screw. Drill as far as the length of a screw to tighten the brackets to the wall. Place the shelf across the bracket.
Mark the underside of the shelf using the pencil through the bracket holes. Then drill pilot holes for the small screws before screwing the shelf into position. If you are to put a shelf to a brick wall, you will have to do the same steps above. However you don’t have to deal with the studs.
Changing Door Knobs
Like in putting a shelf, changing door knobs is relatively easy.Start by removing the screws that hold the door knob in place. It is usually located in the interior side of the door. If there are screws on the cover plates of the door knob, you will have to remove those to release the old knob.
Pull off the door knob to get to the underlying plate. There’s a slot in the plate along the seam where the plate butts against the door. Get a flathead screwdriver, wedge it in the slot, and then make a half twist to pop off the plate. Once you have removed the plate, you will find screws.
These can be removed with a power drill. Then take out the screws using a power drill so you can remove the old latch. Now, it is time to install the new latch and door handle. You may have to adjust the backset, or the distance between the center of the door knob or the edge of the door.
Most door knobs would be able to accommodate various backsets. In installing the new door knob, you simply reverse the removal procedure. Usually, the holes for the new door knob will match the existing holes.
Orient the new striker in the right direction to make sure that the door closes properly. Screw the new latch in. This can be done by setting the screws manually, and then tightening them with a power drill.
Set the door knobs by setting the screws manually and then tightening them. Don’t over-tighten the screws as this could bind the door knob. Test the new handle to check if it turns and locks.
Patching Holes in Drywall
Prepare the following tools/materials first before working:
- Putty knife
- Spackle/ joint compound
- Drywall tape
- 1x1 wood board
- Electric drill
- Wood screws
The simplest holes to fix are nail or screw holes. You can start by cleaning the area of any debris and wiping down the wall. Using a putty knife, you must press some spackle into the wall. Allow it to dry. Then sand it down using some grain sandpaper until it is nice and flat.
You can also apply a coat of paint if you want to it to look more seamless. Larger holes are more difficult to repair. If the hole is about the size of a door knob or fist, start by cutting out a rectangular section of the drywall to surround the hole.
You will then have to cut a piece of the drywall from some scraps. You may also use a small wood piece to support the scrap drywall in the hole. You can do this by placing the wood piece inside the wall. Then drill screws above and below the hole.
Add a third screw into the drywall patch before placing some drywall tape around the seams. Finish the job by slathering on joint compound. Using the putty knife, scrape it down until the compound has become flat.
Then sand it down once the joint compound has dried. You can also apply a coat of paint if you deem necessary.
Not all home repair jobs can be done by the pros. Putting up a shelf, fixing a hole in the drywall, and changing door knobs are some of the home improvement jobs you can do by yourself.
DIY home repair projects can save you a lot of money. Plus, some home repair jobs are so easy you don’t have to call a pro at all.